VietTESOL International Convention, VietTESOL International Convention 2018

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Developing a Phonics Program Based on Onset-Rime Approach for Improving Young Learners' English Word Recognition and Reading
Saeromi Kim

Building: A11
Room: 2nd floor Reading Room-A11 Building
Date: 2018-10-12 02:00 PM – 02:45 PM
Last modified: 2018-09-16


Phonics is an essential part in early English education. By phonics, learners study letters and the sounds so that they can pronounce and understand English letter system. Phonics is also used to learn how to read and write English words. Not only phonics but also phonological awareness which to manipulate the sounds in spoken English (Adams, 1990 ; Wagner et al., 1997, as cited in Haigh et al, 2011) and phonemic awareness, the skills of discriminate and segment sound in words connected are maximum progress in reading (Shanahan, 2010 ; Birch, 2009). However, alphabet and the sound are inconsistent and for many years English pronunciation and spelling have been modified (Orton, 1976). Without onset-rime knowledge, learners can hardly understand English stress, syllable structure and intonation which are the most challenging factors to learn the language (Cross, 1995). Through onset-rime, students naturally learn English syllable structure and it will make learning English more effectively and solve the difficulties of beginning English readers. At the end, it will lead EFL learners have better reading ability and intonation.

This project aims to introduce 75 Rasinski-Padak Essential Primary Rimes (2013) based on stories and major goals are as follows: (1) learners will be able to use target rimes to decode and spell words; (2) learners will be able to pronounce better and faster; (3) it will contribute to notify the importance of learning onset-rime for beginner English learners about effective and efficiency way to improve reading skills.


phonics;young learner;onset;rime;word recognition;reading