VietTESOL International Convention, VietTESOL International Convention 2018

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“Learning by teaching”: an Effective Paradigm to Enhance Motivation of Non-English Majors.
Nga Viet Nguyen

Building: A12
Room: Room 401
Date: 2018-10-12 02:45 PM – 03:15 PM
Last modified: 2018-09-16


“Learning by teaching” is an activity-based method developed by Jean-Pol Martin in the early 1980s. It encourages each student (or a group of students) to act as an instructor (or a team of instructors) to guide others a certain item of knowledge/skill under the supervision of a teacher. Conducting a pilot study on non-English majors at the Academy of Journalism and Communication, the author realizes that this paradigm has brought about substantial benefits in improving students’ learning motivation, especially intrinsic motivation. According to Deci and Ryan 2000, “intrinsic motivation is inherent in individuals’ own interests and satisfaction”. Accordingly, when intrinsically motivated, a person will behave in a curiosity-driven manner to pursue their own interest, which is so important factor for non-English majors to master this language. Being well aware of learning in order to teach others, students are more active during learning lessons. They also develop long-term memory, bolster their confidence and studying enjoyment. The article describes how this method has been applied at the Academy of Journalism and Communication, making assessment on its strengths and weaknesses. Some recommendations for teachers, students as well as institutions will be put forward with the aim of enhancing non-English majors’ language proficiency.


learning by teaching, enhance motivation, non-English majors, activity-based, strengths and weeknesses, recommendations.