VietTESOL International Convention, VietTESOL International Convention 2018

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Developing the English speaking skills of primary school students in Vietnam through Drama activities
Minh Thi Hong Bui, Loan To Nguyen

Building: A12
Room: Room 302
Date: 2018-10-12 02:45 PM – 03:15 PM
Last modified: 2018-09-20

Abstract


Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) has been found little success in teaching English in Vietnam due to several reasons (e.g., the influence of Confucianism on Vietnamese culture, the traditional grammar-based examination system, over-crowded classes, and the infrequent use of English in daily life). This study was designed as an experiment that aspires to increase the students' competency in speaking English by using drama activities in order to employ the advantages of CLT, while at the same time minimizing the effects of the above-mentioned factors. A sample of 34 students at 4th grade in a primary school in Phu Tho, Vietnam was randomly assigned to a control and an experimental group. Before starting the experiment, both groups were administered a speaking test to evaluate their speaking competence levels. The research group followed a learner-centered syllabus, based on drama activities; meanwhile, the control group continued with their daily routine in the English language class. After the four months of the experiment, both groups were administered a post‑experiment test to check their levels of speaking skill. Using simple T-tests we found that there are statistically significant increases in all measures of treatment groups’ speaking skills (p<0.05) compared to the control group, while the control group showed increases in a limited number of areas such as grammar. Based on the findings, manifold political implications are derived.


Keywords


CLT, speaking competence, primary students, foreign language, Vietnam.