VietTESOL International Convention, VietTESOL International Convention 2018

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The Mother Tongue Based–Bilingual Education Program for Ethnic Minority Children in Vietnam
Hanh Thi Bich Nguyen

Building: A11
Room: 2nd floor Reading Room-A11 Building
Date: 2018-10-12 02:00 PM – 02:45 PM
Last modified: 2018-09-16


To support ethnic minority students in Vietnam to have access to quality learning opportunities, the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) has been undertaking Action Research on Mother Tongue Based-Bilingual Education (MTBBE) with the support of UNICEF since 2008 in three provinces - Lao Cai, Gia Lai and Tra Vinh - with three respective ethnic minority languages, namely HMong, Jrai and Khmer. This program is hoped to be easier and more efficient for ethnic students in Vietnam to read and write in Vietnamese – the language officially used in national schools and business. The research, therefore, aims to analyze the program of MTBBE for ethnic minority students in Vietnam, mainly based on related secondary data and the theoretical framework in “Foundation of bilingual education and bilingualism” of Baker (2011, 5thed). To achieve the objective mentioned above, the paper is developed by four main parts: the first part shows briefly the literature review of bilingual education; the second part is related to the description of the program to be analyzed; then an analysis of this education program is given; and an evaluation of its benefits as well as its drawbacks will be discussed latter. The last but most important point is a discussion of some educational programs related to ethnic minority languages being implemented in Son La – a moutainous area in Vietnam.


MTBBE program; Bilingual Education; ethnic minority children